Oracy at Prince Rock
The aim of the Prince Rock curriculum is to develop articulate speakers, inspired writers and avid readers who can apply their knowledge of English to communicate effectively in an ever-changing world. Our intention is for all children to become a fluent, skilled and attentive reader which is developed through quality talk both in and outside of the classroom. We aim to develop and expand children’s language and vocabulary when they listen to and join in with stories, rhymes, songs and through talking about books. Children will be exposed to language outside of normal conversation and ensure disadvantaged children make progress so that they are not at risk of falling behind their peers.
The basis of our Curriculum is to create a sense of purpose and audience through Writing and Reading with Oracy at its heart. There is a clear vision that English should be a key subject within the curriculum alongside the LAT ‘We Wills…’ to ensure that all our children have the opportunity to explore and research, challenge and present their learning in a variety of ways.
The overarching aim for Oracy – in line with the national curriculum - is to promote high standards of language and literacy by equipping our children pupils with: a strong command of the spoken word; discussion techniques in order to learn; skills to elaborate, explain and clarify their understanding and ideas. These skills are integrated into all areas of the curriculum.
The key strands of Oracy: Cognitive, Linguistic, Physical and Social and Emotional will facilitate our children’s learning journey as they progress through our schools.
We aim to:
- Give all children a voice.
- Develop their ability to converse through high quality dialogue (back and forth)
- Enable children to articulate what they know and understand
- Enable children develop their knowledge across all subject, using the vocabulary they need to support learning
- Enable children to share their thoughts, opinions and ideas with clarity and confidence
- Put oracy at the centre of our curriculum and embed skills across all subjects
- Develop children’s physical, linguistic, cognitive and social and emotional skills.
- Offer staff regular CPD in order to provide up to date knowledge and the required skillset to support children with their oracy skills.
- Support children with speech, language and communication needs (SLCN).
- Provide environments that are conducive to good speaking, listening and communication.
In direct reference to National Curriculum and Ofsted expectations, we will ensure that:
- Listen And Respond Appropriately To Adults And Their Peers
- Ask Relevant Questions To Extend Their Understanding And Knowledge
- Use Relevant Strategies To Build Their Vocabulary
- Articulate And Justify Answers, Arguments And Opinions
- Give Well-Structured Descriptions, Explanations And Narratives For Different Purposes, Including For Expressing Feelings
- Maintain Attention And Participate Actively In Collaborative Conversations, Staying On Topic And Initiating And Responding To Comments
- Use Spoken Language To Develop Understanding Through Speculating, Hypothesising, Imagining And Exploring Ideas
- Speak Audibly And Fluently With An Increasing Command Of Standard English
- Participate In Discussions, Presentations, Performances, Role Play, Improvisations And Debates
- Gain, Maintain And Monitor The Interest Of The Listener(S)
- Consider And Evaluate Different Viewpoints, Attending To And Building On The Contributions Of Others Select And Use Appropriate Registers For Effective Communication.
Intent of Speaking and Listening
In our school we endeavour to combat a language and vocabulary effecting the cultural capital of our children. We seek opportunities to develop the Oracy skills of our pupils and increase the potential for improving their knowledge of speaking and listening.
We intend for pupils to:
- Be articulate speakers and good responsive listeners in a variety of situations.
- Evaluate their own and others’ contributions through a range of drama activities.
- Develop abilities to reflect on their own and others’ contributions and the language used.
- Enjoy using language in different contexts and have the confidence and ability to do so.
Implementation of Speaking and Listening
In our English lessons, teaching through books embraces the children developing and using their speaking and listening skills. We do this in a range of ways:
- Stories, songs and poems
- Reading aloud
- Telling learnt stories
- Imaginative play and role play
- Describing events, observations and experiences
- Hot seating
- Giving reasons for actions
- Explaining ideas and opinions in discussion
- Reflecting and responding to others
- Planning for writing
- Predicting and investigating in small groups
- Presentation to different audiences
At Prince Rock, we aim to ensure the children at our school are exposed to high-quality, language rich talk through explicit teaching and dialogue with adults and peers. In order to support these, we use a range of interactions to engage, scaffold and extend:
- Thinking out loud and modelling new language (in multiple contexts) for children
- Paying close attention to what the children say and answering
- Rephrasing and extending what the children say to clarify points
- Providing models of accurate grammar (in particular past tenses and plurals)
- Validating the children’s attempts at using new vocabulary and grammar by rephrasing what children say if necessary
- Asking a range of closed and open questions
- Explaining why things happen using accurate language linked to the subject area
- Deliberately connecting current and past events which are familiar to them
- Extending children’s vocabulary and explaining new words
- Building on their newly acquired words and making connections through word associations, synonyms and antonyms
- Connecting one idea or action to another to build links
- Helping children to articulate ideas in well-formed sentences through opportunities to practise with peers and adults
When children are introduced to new vocabulary, they are provided with opportunities to gather these words through whole class word banks and complete ‘word fields’ to further extend. Working word walls and banks allow for key language to be revisited, discussed and built upon in subsequent lessons.
Park – grass, habitats, insects, wildlife, environment, flowers, pollination, spacious
In order to support speaking and listening skills, we use talk rules to support the children with their understanding of what good listening looks like, how to talk to a partner or in a small group and how to share thoughts within a larger group. We focus on developing 9 talk moves which are in line with Voice 21 and are as follows:
Each term, a class will focus on developing their talk skills through the use of groupings in order to gradually develop their ability to communicate effectively and in a range of ways.
Pairs / Trios
Pairs / Trios
The intention of our oracy curriculum is to support the oracy development of children in all subjects and areas of learning. The skills are applicable whichever subject you teach. To be secure with the understanding of subject content, it is important that pupils are able to talk about what they are learning and use talk as a tool to develop their understanding. Within each English unit, an oracy objective will be provided and the children will develop their oracy skills linked to this and their needs. Below is a table of progression for the primary age range.
Strand of Oracy
Social and Emotional
EYFS Nursery Birth to Three
Watch someone's face as they talk. Try to copy adult's speech and lip movement. Copy your gestures and words. Use the speech sounds p, b, m, w.
Use intonation, pitch and change in volume when talking.
Start to develop conversation, often jumping from topic to topic. Develop pretend play. (Blank Level 1 and 2)
Start to say how they are feeling using words as well as actions.
Three- and Four-Year olds
To be able to produce voice in order to articulate words.
To build up vocabulary that reflects the breadth of their experiences.
To use talk to connect ideas, explain what is happening and anticipate what might happen next, recall and relive past experiences. (Blank Level 3)
Use talk to organise themselves and their play e.g. let's go on the bus, you sit there and i'll be the driver.
EYFS Early Learning Goal
To use intonation, rhythm and phrasing to make the meaning clear to others.
To be able to put 4 to 6 words together to make a sentence, with some immaturities (e.g. me want more juice)
Be able to express a point of view and debate when they disagree with an adult or a friend, using words as well as actions.
To be able to follow verbal directions/instructions without being shown.
To speak audibly so they can be heard and understood
To use a range of sentence types
To recognise when they haven’t understood something and ask a question to help with this
To take turns to talk, listen and respond appropriately in two-way conversations
To use gestures and non-verbal skills to support meaning
To use sentences containing an increasing complex vocabulary of adjectives, prepositions, verbs and conjunctions
To increasingly use the language of opinion and argument
To listen to others and be willing to change their mind
To use speech that is consistently clear and easy to understand
To use vocabulary appropriate to the topic at hand
To ask questions to find out more about a subject
To take turns to talk, listen and respond appropriately in groups
To use the appropriate tone of voice
To use sentence stems to signal when they are building on or challenging others’ ideas
To offer reasons for their opinions
To adapt ideas, suggestions and opinions based on what they have heard
To consider position and posture when addressing others
To make precise language choices and use specialist vocabulary to convey meaning
To present somebody else’s point of view
To speak with confidence when addressing a group/specific audience
To deliberately vary tone of voice in order to convey meaning
To show understanding by rephrasing the language of others
To summarise key points from discussion
To invite those who have not spoken in to a discussion
To develop fluency in presentation or when offering a response
To use complex grammar and sentences effectively to communicate in different ways to clarify, summarise, explain choices and plan
To reflect on their own oracy skills
To maintain discussion by making relevant comments of by asking questions
To use pauses for effect in presentational talk
To infer meanings, reasons and make predictions using supporting evidence
To consider the impact of their words on others when giving feedback
To project their voice to a large audience
To use language demonstrating a deeper empathy and understanding with fluency and accuracy
To draw on knowledge of the world to support their own point of view and explore different perspectives
To listen for extended periods and then summarise and recount ideas
To interpret more subtle, non-verbal communication and adjusts language accordingly
To show increased competence at expressing opinions
To argue their position with well-structured logical reasoning
To demonstrate increased awareness of the listener’s needs
To speak fluently in front of an audience
To vary sentence structures and length for effect when speaking
To construct a detailed argument or complex narrative, also seeing things from a different perspective
To use humour appropriately and effectively
To have confidence and an evolving idea of stage presence
To be comfortable using idiom and expressions accurately and appropriately
To spontaneously respond to increasingly complex questions, citing evidence where appropriate
To be able to read to a group and respond accordingly e.g. if everyone looks disengaged, moving on or changing topic, or if people look confused stopping to take questions
To consciously adapt tone, pace and volume of voice
English & Assessment Team
Monitoring of Oracy assessments
Monitoring of progression (teachers to highlight skills completed)
Monitoring of planning
Monitoring of groupings
Sharing of best practice
Lesson observations – show use of talk moves and talk rules
Ongoing formative assessment
Progression grid highlighted to show coverage of strands
Oracy objectives added to English units
Completion of groupings each term
Display talk moves and groupings poster
Summative assessment points (three times a year)
Modelling of quality teaching and speaking and communication skills (as outlined above)
Modelling of quality teaching and speaking and communication skills (as outlined above) inside and outside of the classroom and when completing interventions.
Oracy assessed using both formative and summative assessment strategies. Assessment for learning is used throughout individual lessons to inform future planning and to identify elements that need to be addressed at later points.
Within each term, children are assessed using the table of progression above. The skills for each year group are assessed, however if pupils are working below their year group, previous year group skills are used. A ‘Rag Rating’ is given against each strand of the Key Performance Indicators, under the headings of: Physical, Linguistic, Cognitive, Social & Emotional.
Nuffield Early Language Intervention (NELI)
During the first several weeks of reception, children are assessed and identified by a language screening programme (Language Screen). Using this information, children which children are in greatest need of targeted language support will be targeted and receive intervention with a trained teaching assistant. NELI is designed for children aged 4-5 years and combines small group work with one-to-one sessions delivered by trained teaching assistants, targeting vocabulary, narrative skills, active listening and phonological awareness. At Prince Rock, we focus on small group sessions which are tailored to the needs of the children. Following the completion of NELI, children complete an exit assessment. If appropriate, NELI will also be completed in Y1 for those children who are at risk of falling behind.
Blank Level Questioning
At the beginning of the school journey, children in the EYFS are also assessed using Blank Level Questioning in order to ascertain their ability to understand simple to abstract questions. Once this is completed, high quality teaching and planning ensures children develop their ability to progress within the levels.
If a parent or member of staff have a concern about a child's speaking, listening or communication skills or progress, a meeting will be set up to discuss these concerns. Sometimes, it is necessary for a member of the SEND team to also become involved. The SEND team is led by the Pastoral Assistant/INCo and is supported by the SENCo and FLO (Family Liaison Officer). The whole team is also supported by the SEND Governor.
Once initial concerns are shared and discussed any additional support is planned and put in place. This will often be a short-term target intervention to begin with and a graduated response will be put in place supported by a robust assess, plan, do and review cycle. If further support is required at a more specialist level, beyond the level of a targeted intervention then referrals to outside agencies can be discussed and actioned. This would include a potential referral to a Speech and Language Therapist, Communication Interaction Team or an Educational Psychologist.
The class teacher is always the first stop for any support that is additional to or different from that of the other children. Their responsibilities would include:
- Identifying, planning, delivering and managing any additional help a child may need.
- Writing pupil progress targets/Individual Education plan targets and reviewing these once a term.
- Liaising with the SEN team to ensure targets and support are appropriate and achievable.
- Prince Rock Parliament
- GD Reading club – opportunities to discuss books that have been read and opinions
- Singing club – project voice, expression, perform
- Plays – performance, drama
- Assemblies – Speak to an audience, read aloud, poetry performance
- LAT links – meet pupils and adults from other settings